Borromini santivo alla sapienza

Borromini santivo alla sapienza

Borromini style

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Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza (lit. ‘Saint Ivo at the Sapienza (University of Rome)’) is a Roman Catholic church in Rome. Built in 1642–1660 by the architect Francesco Borromini, the church is widely regarded a masterpiece of Roman Baroque architecture.

In the 14th century, there was a chapel here for the palace of the University of Rome. The University is called La Sapienza, and the church was dedicated to Saint Ivo (or Yves, patron saint of jurists). When a design was commissioned from Borromini in the 17th century, he adapted to the already existing palazzo. He chose a plan resembling a star of David – which would have been recognized at the time as a Star of Solomon, symbolizing wisdom – and merged a curved facade of the church with the courtyard of the palace. The corkscrew lantern of the dome was novel. The complex rhythms of the interior have a dazzling geometry to them.

sant’ivo alla sapienza pianta

The church of S.Ivo alla Sapienza stands inside the small courtyard of the Palazzo della Sapienza, the ancient University of Rome from the 15th century until 1935 when it became the seat of the State Archive.

Borromini was commissioned by Pope Urban VIII Barberini to complete the structure, already designed and partially built by Giacomo della Porta. At the time, the layout of the courtyard was completed and so was the main facade; despite the complexity of the work, Borromini created a masterpiece of extraordinary artistic and technical value.

The intervention of the architect began on the existing facade with the addition of the attic, decorated with the heraldic symbols of the Chigi Family: the eight-rayed stars and the six peaks, in honour of Pope Alexander VII.

On the attic, stands the multifoiled dome. On the top, the original clerestory with a spiral cusp, travertine torches, culminating in a crown, on which, made of wrought iron,  are a sphere, a cross and a dove with the olive branch in its beak.

borromini church

It is a very quiet Thursday afternoon here in Rome, there is nothing special about it, if such a thing could be said about the Eternal City… sunny and cloudy weather alternate each other creating fascinating shadows on the ancient walls of the Roman palazzos. Near the Pantheon is the tiny Piazza of Sant’Eustachio, the quintessential charming Italian piazza. The square is dominated by an extravagant spire, its eccentric lines seems to revolve dynamically in a somehow chaotic manner – that’s the spire of another masterpiece by Francesco Borromini: Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza

In 1632 Francesco Borromini was nominated architect of Rome’s university La Sapienza. The complex needed a church, the architect imagined an unconventional building at the east end of the charming late Renaissance cloister designed by Giacomo della Porta. Borromini designed a church with a central plan, vaguely resembling a six pointed star. The building’s construction started in 1643, certainly after a long preparatory phase, but it was interrupted in 1655 only to start again in 1659 when the church was finished, it was consecrated a year later. The pre-existence of the cloister made the work for Borromini much harder, but in true Baroque fashion he actually got much freedom and invented a concave facade that isn’t at all squeezed in its context but actually takes the best out of it and dynamically throws itself in the air.

borromini rome

This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (August 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza (lit. ‘Saint Ivo at the Sapienza (University of Rome)’) is a Roman Catholic church in Rome. Built in 1642–1660 by the architect Francesco Borromini, the church is widely regarded a masterpiece of Roman Baroque architecture.

In the 14th century, there was a chapel here for the palace of the University of Rome. The University is called La Sapienza, and the church was dedicated to Saint Ivo (or Yves, patron saint of jurists). When a design was commissioned from Borromini in the 17th century, he adapted to the already existing palazzo. He chose a plan resembling a star of David – which would have been recognized at the time as a Star of Solomon, symbolizing wisdom – and merged a curved facade of the church with the courtyard of the palace. The corkscrew lantern of the dome was novel. The complex rhythms of the interior have a dazzling geometry to them.

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