Francisco de goya pinturas negras

Francisco de goya pinturas negras

Francisco goya paintings

Finca y casa de la Quinta de Goya en 1828. La gran maqueta o «Modelo de Madrid» de León Gil de Palacio, que conserva el Museo de Historia de Madrid, incluye la casa donde residió Francisco de Goya.[1]​

Pinturas negras (1819-1823) es el nombre que recibe una serie de catorce obras murales de Francisco de Goya, pintadas con la técnica de óleo al secco (sobre paredes recubiertas de yeso). Las creó como decoración de los muros de su casa, llamada la Quinta del Sordo,[2]​ que había adquirido en febrero de 1819. Estos murales fueron trasladados a lienzo a partir de 1874, y actualmente se conservan en el Museo del Prado de Madrid.

Una reciente teoría ha querido atribuir la autoría de las Pinturas negras a Javier de Goya (hijo del pintor); sin embargo Bozal y Glendinning,[9]​ dos de los máximos conocedores de la obra pictórica de Goya, rechazan esta hipótesis. Es difícil imaginar que este hecho extraordinario no fuera conocido por sus contemporáneos. La técnica pictórica, la calidad de la pincelada, los tipos humanos grotescos, los temas obsesivos, que ya están presentes en la obra goyesca anterior y posterior, hacen infundada la atribución a Javier de Goya.

saturn devouring his sonpainting by francisco goya

Judith and Holofernes is the name given to one of the 14 Black Paintings painted by Francisco de Goya between 1819 and 1823. By this time, Goya was in his mid 70s and deeply disillusioned. In mental and physical despair, he painted the private works on the interior walls of his home—applying oils directly on plaster[1]—known as the Quinta del Sordo («The House of the Deaf Man»), which he had purchased in 1819. Judith and Holofernes was likely painted on the first floor, beside Saturn Devouring His Son.[2] The picture is a personal reinterpretation of the narrative of the Book of Judith, in which the protagonist saves Israel from the assault of the general Holofernes by seducing and beheading him. Judith is the only historical figure who can be identified with certainty among the Black Paintings.[citation needed]

Judith and Holofernes’ palette consists of blacks, ochres and red applied with very free, broad and energetic brushstrokes. The lighting is both focused and highly theatrical, and seems to imply a night scene lit by a torch, which illuminates Judith’s face and outstretched arm and leaves in semidarkness the face of the old serving woman whose darkened outline is shown in prayer. Significantly, neither Holofernes nor the blood streaming from his neck is shown, as is typical of most artistic renderings.

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Atropos, or The Fates (Spanish: Átropos or Las Parcas) is one of the 14 Black Paintings painted by Francisco de Goya between 1819–1823. Goya, then 75 and in mental and physical despair, created the series directly onto the interior walls of the house known as the Quinta del Sordo («House of the Deaf Man»), purchased in 1819.

It probably occupied a position on the second floor of the house beside the Fight with Cudgels and across from the Fantastic Vision.[1] Like the rest of the black paintings, it was transferred to canvas in 1873–74 under the supervision of Salvador Martínez Cubells, a curator at the Museo del Prado. The owner, Baron Emile d’Erlanger, donated the canvases to the Spanish state in 1881,[2][3] and they are now on display at the Prado.

The painting is a reinterpretation of the mythological subject of the goddesses of destiny—the Moirai or fates as recounted in Homer, Hesiod, Virgil and other classical writers. These «Daughters of Night»[4] were headed by Atropos, the inexorable goddess of death, who carries a few scissors to cut the thread of life; Clotho, with her distaff (which Goya replaces with a doll or newborn child, possibly an allegory of life), and Lachesis, the spinning one, which in this representation looks across a lens or in a mirror and symbolizes time, since she was the one who measured the length of the fiber. To the three female figures suspended in the air a fourth figure is added in the foreground. Possibly male, this figure’s hands are bound behind him as if he is captive. If this interpretation is true, the fates would be deciding the destiny of the man whose bound hands cannot be opposed to his fate. It has been speculated that he may represent Prometheus, who was bound on a mountain and left to be savaged by an eagle as punishment for stealing fire from Mount Olympus.[5] All four are hideously ugly.[6]

francisco goyaspanish painter

The Black Paintings (Spanish: Pinturas negras) is the name given to a group of fourteen paintings by Francisco Goya from the later years of his life, likely between 1819 and 1823. They portray intense, haunting themes, reflective of both his fear of insanity and his bleak outlook on humanity. In 1819, at the age of 72, Goya moved into a two-story house outside Madrid that was called Quinta del Sordo (Deaf Man’s Villa). Although the house had been named after the previous owner, who was deaf, Goya too was nearly deaf at the time as a result of a fever he had suffered when he was 46. The paintings originally were painted as murals on the walls of the house, later being «hacked off» the walls and attached to canvas by owner Baron Frédéric Émile d’Erlanger.[1] They are now in the Museo del Prado in Madrid.

After the Napoleonic Wars and the internal turmoil of the changing Spanish government, Goya developed an embittered attitude toward mankind. He had a first-hand and acute awareness of panic, terror, fear and hysteria. He had survived two near-fatal illnesses, and grew increasingly anxious and impatient in fear of relapse. The combination of these factors is thought to have led to his production of the Black Paintings. Using oil paints and working directly on the walls of his dining and sitting rooms, Goya created works with dark, disturbing themes. The paintings were not commissioned and were not meant to leave his home. It is likely that the artist never intended the works for public exhibition: «these paintings are as close to being hermetically private as any that have ever been produced in the history of Western art.»[2]

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